HTML (Hyper text mar-up lang.)



HTML, which stands for Hypertext Markup Language, is a fundamental programming language used for creating web pages and applications. It provides the structure and formatting of the content displayed on the internet. HTML utilizes a system of tags to define the elements and components within a web page.,

When you write an HTML document, you are essentially describing the structure of your content using a series of tags. These tags are enclosed within angle brackets (< >) and typically come in pairs: an opening tag and a closing tag. The opening tag denotes the beginning of an element, while the closing tag denotes its end. For example, the opening tag for a paragraph is <p>, and the closing tag is </p>. The content you want to display within the paragraph is placed between these tags

HTML can also be enhanced with the use of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and JavaScript. CSS is used to control the visual presentation of the HTML elements, such as colors, fonts, and layout. JavaScript, on the other hand, adds interactivity and dynamic behavior to web pages.

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) has a rich history that dates back to the early days of the World Wide Web. Here’s a brief overview of its evolution:

  1. history of HTML (1989-1991):

    • In 1989, Tim Berners-Lee, a British computer scientist, proposed a system for sharing information across different computers, which later became the World Wide Web.
    • Berners-Lee created the first version of HTML, known as HTML 1.0, in 1991. It included basic elements like headings, paragraphs, links, and lists

course content

Introduction to HTML

  • What is HTML?
  • History and evolution of HTML
  • Setting up an HTML development environment

HTML Basics

  • Structure of an HTML document
  • HTML tags and elements
  • Creating headings and paragraphs
  • Working with text formatting and styles
  • Adding comments to HTML code

Links and Navigation

  • Creating hyperlinks
  • Linking to external resources
  • Linking to sections within the same page
  • Opening links in new tabs/windows
  • Creating navigation menus

Images and Multimedia

  • Inserting images
  • Image attributes and accessibility
  • Embedding videos and audio
  • Creating image maps

Lists and Tables

  • Creating unordered and ordered lists
  • Nesting lists and creating sublists
  • Creating tables
  • Table headers, rows, and cells
  • Adding captions and styling tables

Forms and Input Elements

  • Building HTML forms
  • Text input fields
  • Checkbox and radio buttons
  • Dropdown menus and select boxes
  • File uploads and form validation

Semantic HTML

  • Introduction to semantic elements
  • Using header, nav, main, article, section, footer
  • Enhancing accessibility with semantic HTML

HTML5 Features

  • HTML5 structural elements
  • Audio and video elements
  • Geolocation API
  • Canvas element for graphics
  • Web storage and offline applications

CSS Basics

  • Introduction to CSS
  • CSS syntax and selectors
  • Applying styles with inline and internal CSS
  • External CSS stylesheets
  • Working with colors, backgrounds, and borders